Scientific Name: Chrysanthemum leucanthemum
Oxeye daisy is a perennial weed. The stems grow erect and can range in height from 10- to 24-inches. Oxeye daisy initially forms a rosette. The basal leaves are hairless, lobed or toothed on the margin When the stems form, the leaves form alternately and decrease in size higher up on the stem. Oxeye daisy spreads by both seed and by short rhizomes. It forms in clumps or patches. The roots are fibrous along with the short rhizomes. White flowers are produced from June through August. The flowers from in a composite shape with white ray flowers surrounding yellow disk flowers. The upper stems usually die back over the winter, but basal leaves may remain green in milder climates. Oxeye daisy is found throughout North America, being most prevalent in the upper Mid-West.
Oxeye daisy is found in meadows, pastures, roadsides, nursery crops and waste areas. Oxeye daisy does best in low fertility soils, but can tolerate a wide range. Mowing prevents the formation of the stems, but cultivation will be needed to remove the basal rosette.
Make your post-emergence herbicide application to oxeye daisy that is actively growing and in the rosette to flower stage of growth.
Weed Photos: Courtesy of Dr. Lambert McCartey. Clemson University. Clemson, SC.